Write Better Essay (English SPM)

Hello again. It’s been a while. So today, we’re going to continue sharing from Homeon9tuition on how to score the SPM English Paper 1 part B. Last time, Homeon9tuition gave a list of strategies that you can use to write an excellent narrative and descriptive essay. So today, Homeon9tuition will help you to write a well-written descriptive and factual essay,  so next time you may encounter them.


Writers use the descriptive essay to create a vivid picture of a person, place, or thing. Unlike a narrative essay, which reveals meaning through a personal story, the purpose of a descriptive essay is to reveal the meaning of a subject through detailed, sensory observation. The descriptive essay employs the power of language and all the human senses to bring a subject to life for the reader.

The Writing Process for Descriptive Essays

1. Prewriting for the Descriptive Essay

In the prewriting phase of descriptive essay writing, Homeon9tuition recommends students to take time and think about who or what they want to describe and why. Do they want to write about a person of significance in their lives, or an object or place that holds meaning? The topic doesn’t have to be famous or unusual. The person could be a grandparent, the object, a favorite toy, and the place, a tree house.

Once a topic is chosen, students should spend time thinking about the qualities they want to describe. Brainstorm about all the details associated with the topic. Even when not writing about a place, reflect on the surroundings. Where is the object located? Where does the person live? Remember, consider not just physical characteristics, but also what memories, feelings, and ideas the subject evokes. Memory and emotion play an important role in conveying the subject’s significance. Plan the focus of each paragraph and create an outline that puts these details into a logical sequence.

2. Drafting a Descriptive Essay

When creating the initial draft of a descriptive essay, follow the outline, but remember, the goal is to give the reader a rich experience of the subject. Keep in mind, the most important watchword of writing a descriptive essay is show, don’t tell. According to Homeon9tuition tutot, the best ways to show is to involve all of the senses—hearing, touch, smell, sight and taste. Students should write a good descriptive essay so that the reader will see the sunset, hear the song, smell the flowers, taste the pie, or feel the touch of a hand.

Don’t Tell…Show!
Use descriptive and figurative language, as well as concrete images to describe the subject. Similes and metaphors work well. Here are some examples:

Telling: The house was old.

Showing: The house frowned with a wrinkled brow, and inside it creaked with each step, releasing a scent of neglected laundry.

Telling: He was smart.

Showing: If you had to pick a study buddy, you would pick this guy.

Telling: The clock had been in our family for years.

Showing: The clock stood by our family, faithfully marking the minutes and hours of our lives.

Enjoy the process of describing the subject—it can be a rewarding experience. A descriptive essay doesn’t rely on facts and examples, but on the writer’s ability to create a mental picture for the reader.

3. Create an outline

The next step is to create an outline listing the details of the discussion of each paragraph. Students in high school are generally asked to write a five paragraph essay. The standard five paragraph essay has a particular structure including the introductory paragraph with the inclusion of a thesis statement, followed by three body paragraphs which prove that statement.

4. Write the conclusion

Finally, the conclusion paragraph makes a summary of the entirety of essay. This conclusion also needs to reaffirm the thesis (if necessary). The conclusion needs to be well written because it is the final thing to be read by reader and will remain on their mind the longest after they have read the remainder of the essay.

3. Revising a Descriptive Essay

In the revision phase, students review, modify, and reorganize their work with the goal of making it the best it can be. In revising a descriptive essay, students should reread their work with these considerations in mind:

  • Does the essay unfold in a way that helps the reader fully appreciate the subject?
  • Do any paragraphs confuse more than describe?
  • Does the word choice and figurative language involve the five senses and convey emotion and meaning?
  • Are there enough details to give the reader a complete picture?

4. Editing a Descriptive Essay

This is a stage that always mentioned by Homeon9tuition in past article. At this point in the writing process, writers proofread and correct errors in grammar and mechanics. It’s also the time to improve style and clarity. Watch out for clichés and loading up on adjectives and adverbs. Having a regulat meet up with Homeon9tuition tutor can helps pinpoint the common mistake, and discuss new words to widen the vocabulary.

These are the topics for descriptive essay that you can practice with your friends and Homeon9tuition tutors love to help you:

  1. The most embarrassing moment of the life
  2. the worst enemy
  3. the hero
  4. A teacher
  5. A stranger in the crowd
  6. Falling in love
  7. A life-changing experience


The purpose of the factual essay is to explain a topic in a logical and straightforward manner. Without bells and whistles, this essay presents a fair and balanced analysis of a subject based on facts—with no references to the writer’s opinions or emotions, unlike argumentative essay.

Factual writing is a life skill. More than any other type of writing, factual writing is a daily requirement of most careers. Understanding and following the proven steps of the writing process helps all writers, including students, master this type of essay writing.

Characteristics of factual writing

There are a few characteristics of factual writing that student should remember when crafting a factual essay. The first is to keep a tight focus on the main topic, avoiding lengthy tangents, wordiness, or unrelated asides that aren’t necessary for understanding the topic.

In the same vein, be sure to pick a topic that is narrow, but not so narrow that can make student to. have a hard time writing anything about it. For example, writing about ice cream would be too broad, but writing about ice cream sold at the local grocery store between 5:00 and 5:15 pm last Saturday would be too narrow.

In addition, according to our experienced tutor, the must also be sure to support the topic, providing plenty of facts, details, examples, and explanations, and student must do so in an organized and logical manner. Details that can support the factual writing include:

  • Anecdotes
  • Comparisons
  • Quotations
  • Descriptive details

Types of factual essay

A typical factual writing prompt will use the words “explain” or “define,” such as in, “Write an essay explaining how the computer has changed the lives of students.” Notice there is no instruction to form an opinion or argument on whether or not computers have changed students’ lives. The prompt asks the writer to “explain,” plain and simple. In addition, there are a few different types for writing a factual essay. These include:

  • Process writing: student is required to prepare a procedural essay on how to do something.
  • Cause and effect: In writing in this kind of essay, student should understand the cause of certain activity and its effects on the people and environment.
  • Problem and solution: Student needs to analyse the problem critically at hand and gives impactful ideas to solve the problem.
  • Definition: Unlike the meaning, definition essay can turn out to be challenging to most people, therefore bring out confusion to people. This type of essay usually aimed at clarifying term and concept mentioned.

Generally, a student will want to pick one method for each type of factual writing, based on the question given. The important thing is to stay focused on the topic and stick to the facts.

Now that we have a clearer understanding of factual writing, let’s get ready to write an essay. One final tip: be sure to give plenty of time for the writing process.

The Process for Writing a Factual Essay.

1. Prewriting

In the prewriting phase, students should take time to brainstorm about the topic and main idea. Next, do research and take notes. Create an outline showing the information to be presented in each paragraph, organized in a logical sequence.

2. Drafting

When creating the initial draft, consider the following suggestions from Homeon9tuition:

  • Introduction

An introduction should be a short and concise background story about the topic that is to be discussed. The introduction should also contain a description of the topic, in brief, to enable the reader to understand what the topic is all about. The most important sentence in the introductory paragraph is the topic sentence, which states the thesis or main idea of the essay. The thesis should be clearly stated without giving an opinion or taking a position. A good thesis is well defined, with a manageable scope that can be adequately addressed within a five-paragraph essay.

  • Body

This happens to be the main agenda for all types of essay. The body should contain all the points, and supported by any evidence to make it factual and convince the reader. Each of the three body paragraphs should cover a separate point that develops the essay’s thesis.

  • Conclusion

A student can link the conclusion and body paragraph by using transitional words related with overall of the essay, and used a sentence such as ‘as a conclusion’, ‘to finish with’ or in summary. The concluding paragraph should reinforce the thesis and the main supporting ideas. Do not introduce new material in the conclusion. Since a factual composition discusses an event, situation, or the views of others, and not a personal experience, students should write in the third person (“he,” “she,” or “it”), and avoid “I” or “you” sentences.

This is the basic essay format, but factual writing does not need to be limited to five paragraphs. No matter how long the essay is, be sure the introduction includes the thesis statement and that the paper is based on facts rather than opinions, and a reminder from Homeon9tuition: as with all good essay writing, make sure to connect the paragraphs with transitions.

3. Revising
In the revision phase, students review, modify, and reorganize their work with the goal of making it the best it can be. Keep these considerations in mind:

  • Does the essay give an unbiased analysis that unfolds logically, using relevant facts and examples?
  • Has the information been clearly and effectively communicated to the reader?
  • Watch out for “paragraph sprawl,” which occurs when the writer loses focus and veers from the topic by introducing unnecessary details.
  • Is the sentence structure varied? Is the word choice precise?
  • Do the transitions between sentences and paragraphs help the reader’s understanding?

Does the concluding paragraph communicate the value and meaning of the thesis and key supporting ideas?

4. Editing
Next, proofread and correct errors in grammar and mechanics, and edit to improve style and clarity. While the essay should be clear and concise, it can also be lively and engaging. Having a friend read the essay helps writers edit with a fresh perspective.

These are the topics for factual essay that you can practice with the friends and Homeon9tuition tutor:

  1. Negative impacts of violence on media towards children
  2. How to keep oneself healthy?
  3. What is the best way for teenagers to stay fit and healthy?
  4. Why is having good neighbors important?